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Youth and HIV

Education Packet 

Youth and HIV – This packet is a compilation of several recent fact sheets and other resources. You may wish to customize it to meet the needs or interests of particular groups, such as event participants, providers, patients, clients, or the general public. So please feel free to distribute all or part of this packet as either a printout or PDF.

Fact Sheets, Brief Reports, Blog Items, and Infographics 

HIV and Youth (CDC) – This fact sheet includes information on current HIV diagnoses and trends in new diagnoses, with breakdowns by sex, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Additional information is provided on HIV prevalence, knowledge of HIV status, the continuum of care, and prevention challenges among youth. 

HIV and Children and Adolescents (HIVinfo) – This fact sheet in question-and-answer format discusses how children and adolescents become infected with HIV, as well as new HIV diagnoses, HIV risk factors, treatment, and medication adherence challenges among children and adolescents. Also available in Spanish

Youth and Young Adult Clients: Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, 2018 (Health Resources and Services Administration) – This fact sheet summarizes selected demographic characteristics of youth and young adults 13 to 24 years old in the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP). About one in 25 (4%) of the approximately 519,000 RWHAP clients in 2018 were youth and younger adults. Among these young clients, about 6% had unstable housing, 70% lived at or below the federal poverty level, and 76% were virally suppressed. More detailed information is provided about these and other demographic characteristics. 

Youth and HIV: Mainstreaming a Three-Lens Approach to Youth Participation (UNAIDS) – This report outlines a three-part approach for working effectively with youth in efforts to end the HIV epidemic globally. This involves working with youth as beneficiaries, engaging with youth as partners, and supporting youth as leaders. 

Youth ( – This topic page provides a list, from newest to oldest, of nearly 100 recent blog items focusing on youth, HIV prevention, treatment, health communication, and related issues.

Infographics on Youth and HIV 

HIV Surveillance Reports and Data Analyses 

Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2018 (updated) (CDC) – This 119-page report presents detailed information about new HIV diagnoses, deaths, and prevalence among all age categories, including youth.  Many tables in the report provide data breakdowns by age, including for adolescents aged 13 to 19 years, and young adults in the age ranges of 20 to 24 and 25 to 29 years old.  

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance – United States, 2019 (CDC) – The YRBS tracks the prevalence of health-related behaviors that may impact the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults. These include, among many others, HIV testing; behaviors that may increase the risk of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV; and alcohol and other drug use. The 2019 report, which includes breakdowns by sexual identity, often found significant differences in the prevalence of risk behaviors between youth who identify as heterosexual, and those who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or unsure of their identity. 

HIV Surveillance – Adolescents and Young Adults (CDC) – This slide set provides extensive information about HIV and AIDS diagnoses and trends for two age groups: 13 to 19 years and 20 to 24 years. The data generally cover the period 2009 to 2013, and include breakdowns by gender, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and geographic area.

Educational Curriculum for Providers 

National HIV Curriculum: HIV in Adolescents and Young Adults (AIDS Education and Training Center, University of Washington, and other partners) - This is the second lesson in the Curriculum’s Key Populations module. It includes detailed information on many topics, including:

  • Epidemiology of HIV in adolescents and young adults
  • Testing, linkage to care, and retention in care
  • Clinical and laboratory monitoring
  • Antiretroviral therapy for adolescents with HIV
  • Adherence to antiretroviral therapy
  • Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for adolescents
  • Immunizations for adolescents with HIV
  • Adolescent sexuality, gender, and reproductive health
  • Special considerations for youth with perinatal HIV
  • Transitioning to adult care