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Women and HIV

Education Packet

Women and HIV – This packet is a compilation of several recent fact sheets and other resources. You may wish to customize it to meet the needs or interests of particular groups, such as event participants, providers, patients, clients, or the general public. So please feel free to distribute all or part of this packet as either a printout or PDF. 

Fact Sheets, Reports, and Infographics

HIV and Women (CDC) – This web page presents information about trends in HIV diagnoses among women in the U.S., with breakdowns by transmission category, race/ethnicity, and age.  It also discusses the HIV care continuum among women, the various factors that can place women at risk for HIV infection, and the steps CDC is taking to address the needs of women affected by HIV.  Also available in Spanish.

HIV and Women (HIVinfo) - This fact sheet in question-and-answer format provides information on how HIV affects women, factors that put women at risk for HIV, and the ways that birth control and pregnancy may affect women’s HIV treatment choices. Also available in Spanish

Women and HIV in the United States (Kaiser Family Foundation) – This issue brief focuses on the impact of HIV/AIDS on U.S. women.  It includes a snapshot of the epidemic, a review of key trends and recent cases, information on reproductive health and HIV transmission specific to women, HIV testing, access to prevention and care, and intimate partner violence. 

HIV and Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children (CDC) – This fact sheet includes information about trends in mother-to-child transmission of HIV, why pregnant women and their babies are at risk for infection, strategies for preventing transmission, and steps CDC is taking to address perinatal transmission. 

Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2018 (updated) (CDC) – This 119-page report presents detailed information about new HIV diagnoses, deaths, and prevalence among women.  Breakdowns are also provided by age, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and geographic region. The report includes “special focus profiles that highlight trends and distribution of HIV in five populations of particular interest to HIV prevention programs in state and local health departments,” including women.  Many tables in the report include data breakdowns by gender.  

Female Clients: Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, 2018 (Health Resources and Services Administration) – This fact sheet summarizes selected demographic characteristics of female clients in the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP). Over one-quarter (26.5%) of the approximately 519,000 RWHAP clients in 2018 were female. Among female clients, about half (48%) were age 50 years or older, 71% lived at or below the federal poverty level, and 87% were virally suppressed. More detailed information is provided about these and other demographic characteristics. 

Women and HIV: A Spotlight on Adolescent Girls and Young Women (UNAIDS) – This report discusses U.N. goals for addressing HIV in adolescent girls and young women; the epidemiology of HIV in this population group; the reasons, including gender-based violence, why adolescent girls and young women globally have a disproportionally high risk of HIV infection; access to HIV services; and the healthcare, reproductive, and HIV-specific needs of girls and women throughout their life cycle. 

National HIV Curriculum: HIV in Women (AIDS Education and Training Center, University of Washington, and other partners, 2020) – This is the third lesson in the Curriculum’s Key Populations module. It has detailed information on many topics, including:

  • Background
  • HIV Epidemiology in Women
  • Antiretroviral Therapy in Women
  • Contraception in Women with HIV
  • Contraception Considerations for Women at Risk for HIV
  • Serodifferent Couples Desiring Pregnancy
  • Vaginitis in Women with HIV
  • Women with HIV and Gender-Based Violence
  • Menopause in Women with HIV 

AIDSVu Data for New England – AIDSVu is an interactive online mapping tool that visualizes the impact of the HIV epidemic on communities across the U.S.  State-by-state data and limited county data for each New England state are available at the following links: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The state data include information on new HIV diagnoses, HIV prevalence, HIV testing, and deaths among persons with HIV, with breakdowns by sex. Detailed data are also available for the following areas: Boston, the Hartford metropolitan statistical area (MSA); the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk MSA, and the New Haven-Milford MSA. 

Infographics on Women, Girls, and HIV (CDC and AIDSVu):


Selected Web Sites and Organizations Focusing on Women and HIV 

HIV and AIDS (Office of Women’s Health) – This web page has information about HIV in women and girls, information about National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day, HIV prevention, and living with HIV. Also available in Spanish

The Well Project – This web site focuses on HIV prevention, treatment, and wellness among women living with, or at risk for, HIV infection. The Well Project has also established an active online community of women with HIV. 

Women Organized to Respond to Life-Threatening Diseases (WORLD) – The mission of WORLD is to improve “the lives and health of women, girls, families, and communities affected by HIV through peer-based education, wellness services, advocacy, and leadership development.”