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HIV Testing

Education Packet 

HIV Testing – This packet is a compilation of several recent fact sheets and other resources. You may wish to customize it to meet the needs or interests of particular groups, such as event participants, providers, patients, clients, or the general public. So please feel free to distribute all or part of this packet as either a printout or PDF.

Fact Sheets, Web Pages, and Resources

HIV Testing 101 (CDC) – This is an easy-to-read fact sheet in question-and-answer format. The first page is in English, and the second page is in Spanish. 

Testing (CDC) – The English-language version of this web page divides HIV testing information into several topic categories and answers common questions about HIV testing in plain language.  Also available in Spanish

HIV Testing (HIVinfo) – This fact sheet covers what HIV testing is, why it is important, who should be tested, where to get testing, the types of HIV tests, and confidentiality in HIV testing. Also available in Spanish

HIV Testing (The Well Project) – This fact sheet provides basic information about HIV testing, as well as links to an extensive list of testing resources. 

HIV Testing (Avert) – This web page links to information about why, when, and how to get tested for HIV, what happens after people receive HIV test results, and personal stories about HIV testing. 

False Positive HIV Test Results (CDC) This fact sheet describes what false-positive test results are, the causes of false-positive results, the use of additional testing to distinguish true-positive results from false-positive ones, and the impact of HIV prevalence on the proportion of false-positive results. 

HIV Testing in the United States (Kaiser Family Foundation) – This issue brief includes sections with important dates in HIV testing history, testing statistics broken down by race/ethnicity, U.S. testing recommendations and requirements, insurance coverage of HIV testing, testing sites and policies, testing techniques, and what happens after someone receives a positive HIV test result. 

HIV Expanded Testing Initiative (CDC) – This web page discusses the goals and accomplishments of the Expanded Testing Initiative, which aims to: 1) significantly increase the number of persons tested in jurisdictions with a high rate of HIV among disproportionately affected populations; and 2) support implementation of CDC’s recommendations for HIV testing. 

Expanded HIV Testing and African Americans (CDC) – This fact sheet examines the reasons for expanded HIV testing among African Americans, the epidemiology of HIV and HIV testing among African Americans, testing initiatives focusing on African Americans, and the findings of these initiatives. 

How Schools Can Support HIV Testing Among Adolescents (CDC) – This fact sheet examines reasons why adolescents should get tested for HIV, as well as ways schools can encourage their students to get tested. 

GetTested: National HIV, STD, and Hepatitis Testing  (CDC) – This web page includes answers to frequently-asked questions about HIV, STD, and hepatitis testing, as well as a search feature to help people find nearby testing sites, providers of pre-exposure prophylaxis, and organizations that provide condoms for free or low cost. 

Let’s Stop HIV Together (CDC) – This is the web page for CDC’s “Let’s Stop HIV Together” campaign, which includes a section on HIV testing. A searchable resources page allows users to find and download extensive materials supporting HIV testing, including banners, brochures, fact sheets, palm cards, posters, and videos. 

National HIV Testing Day (HIVinfo) – This resource page for National HIV Testing Day includes a variety of materials to help organizations raise awareness about HIV testing, and to encourage the HIV testing of everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 at least once as part of routine health care.

HIV Testing Guidelines, Recommendations, and Related Documents 

HIV Guidelines: HIV Testing (CDC) – This web page has links to many resources, including guidelines for HIV testing in clinical and nonclinical settings, HIV laboratory testing and reporting of test results, and HIV testing of organ donors. 

HIV Self Testing Guidance (CDC) – In a “Dear Colleague” letter dated April 28, 2020, CDC officials provided guidance to HIV providers regarding the use of HIV self-testing during the COVID-19 pandemic – a time when many face-to-face interactions with patients/clients have been disrupted. 

Screening in Clinical Settings (CDC) – This web page provides information and resources for providers and the public on HIV testing in clinical settings. 

HIV Testing in Nonclinical Settings (CDC) – This web page provides information and resources for providers and the public on HIV testing in nonclinical settings.

Selected Recent Reports from CDC’s MMWR Focusing on HIV Testing 


Trends in Diagnosis of HIV Infection, Linkage to Medical Care, and Viral Suppression Among Men Who Have Sex with Men, by Race/Ethnicity and Age – 33 Jurisdictions, United States, 2014-2018

Sex Differences in HIV Testing – 20 PEPFAR-Supported Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2019

HIV Testing Trends at Visits to Physician Offices, Community Health Centers, and Emergency Departments – United States, 2009-2017 

HIV Testing Outcomes Among Blacks or African Americans – 50 Local U.S. Jurisdictions Accounting for the Majority of New HIV Diagnoses and Seven States with Disproportionate Occurrences of HIV in Rural Areas, 2017 

Trends in HIV-2 Diagnoses and Use of the HIV-1/HIV-2 Differentiation Test – United States, 2010-2017 

Vital Signs: Status of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing, Viral Suppression, and HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis – United States, 2013–2018 

HIV Testing in 50 Local Jurisdictions Accounting for the Majority of New HIV Diagnoses and Seven States with Disproportionate Occurrence of HIV in Rural Areas, 2016-2017


The contents listed on this page are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement by, the New England AIDS Education and Training Center.