New user? Sign up here |
HIV/AIDS in the United States

Education Packet

HIV/AIDS in the United States – This packet is a compilation of several recent fact sheets and other resources. You may wish to customize it to meet the needs or interests of particular groups, such as event participants, providers, patients, clients, or the general public. So please feel free to distribute all or part of this packet as either a printout or PDF. 

General Fact Sheets on the U.S. Epidemic

HIV in the United States and Dependent Areas (CDC) – This summarizes key facts about HIV infection in the U.S., including: the number of new diagnoses; HIV prevalence; the groups most heavily impacted by HIV; patterns in HIV diagnoses by age; recent trends in HIV diagnoses among gay and bisexual men, heterosexuals, and people who inject drugs; and the HIV care continuum in the United States. This resource is also available in Spanish.

Basic Statistics (CDC) – This provides general statistical information about HIV in the U.S., including the total number of new HIV diagnoses in 2019 and recent trends in diagnoses, HIV prevalence, and new diagnoses by transmission category and race/ethnicity. Additional information is provided on the population groups most heavily impacted by HIV in the U.S., as well as regional patterns of HIV in the U.S. and worldwide. This resource is also available in Spanish.

HIV in the United States by Region (CDC) – This summarizes HIV diagnoses in five regions: Northeast, Midwest, South, West, and U.S. Dependent Areas in a series of graphs and maps. In 2019, the states with the highest rates of new HIV diagnoses were mainly in the South. Although new HIV diagnoses for the country as a whole have declined in recent years, diagnosis trends varied substantially by region.


CDC Fact Sheets on Affected Population Groups

CDC has produced a series of fact sheets that focus on different population groups affected by HIV/AIDS in the United States.  These resources follow a similar format, providing selected information on the number of new HIV diagnoses and trends in diagnoses by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and transmission categories; HIV prevalence and deaths; knowledge of HIV status; and the HIV care continuum for the particular group.  Information is also provided on the specific HIV prevention challenges for each group, and the steps CDC is taking to address these challenges. These population groups are listed below with hyperlinks to the corresponding fact sheets.

National HIV Plan & Ending the HIV Epidemic Initiative

HIV National Strategic Plan for the United States: A Roadmap to End the Epidemic – 2021-2025 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services – HHS) – This plan, which presents a framework for U.S. efforts to end the HIV epidemic in the U.S., was developed in a collaboration involving HHS and numerous federal and community partners. It establishes a series of targets for ending the U.S. HIV epidemic by 2030, including a 75% reduction in new HIV infections by 2025 and a 90% reduction by 2030. The HIV plan also articulates goals, objectives, and strategies to guide stakeholders’ efforts “to prevent new infections, treat people with HIV to improve health outcomes, reduce HIV-related disparities, and better integrate and coordinate the efforts of all partners to achieve the bold targets for ending the HIV epidemic in the United States.” In addition, The HIV plan establishes indicators to measure progress, with quantitative targets for each indicator, and designates priority populations and key areas of focus.

Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America (CDC) – Launched by HHS in 2019, the Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) initiative has the goal of reducing new HIV infections in the U.S. 90% by 2030. This cross-agency initiative “leverages critical scientific advances in HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and outbreak response by coordinating the highly successful programs, resources, and infrastructure of many HHS agencies and offices,” according to HHS.

America’s HIV Epidemic Analysis Dashboard (AHEAD) – Launched by HHS in 2020, AHEAD is a data visualization tool designed to display data on the six core indicators the federal government uses to track progress towards the EHE Initiative goals: HIV incidence; knowledge of HIV status; HIV diagnoses; timely linkage to HIV medical care after diagnosis; HIV viral suppression; and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) coverage.

Core Indicators for Monitoring the Ending the HIV Epidemic [EHE] Initiative: National HIV Surveillance System Data Reported Through December 2020; and Preexposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Data Reported through September 2020 (CDC) – This report consists primarily of a series of HIV surveillance tables with data on the six EHE core indicators described above.

CDC’s Progress in Ending the HIV Epidemic Initiative (CDC) – This fact sheet features a timeline summarizing progress CDC has made toward the goals of the EHE initiative since its inception in early 2019. It also highlights the role of community engagement and planning in the EHE initiative, and provides an example of new HIV prevention programming funded by the initiative.

 

Surveillance Data and Other Reports

Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019 (CDC) – This 123-page surveillance report includes detailed information about new HIV diagnoses, prevalence, and deaths in the U.S., including breakdowns by geographic region, gender, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and age. The report includes a series of Special Focus Profiles highlighting six populations of particular interest to HIV prevention programs in state and local health departments: transgender persons; gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men; persons who inject drugs; women; adolescents and young adults; and children under 13 years old.

Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States, 2015-2019 (CDC) – This report provides estimates of the number of new HIV infections and the total number of persons living with HIV during each year from 2015 through 2019. It begins with a commentary section that summarizes highlights of the report, followed by 13 tables that present data on HIV incidence and prevalence among adults and adolescents, with breakdowns by sex at birth, age, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and region of residence. An appendix focuses on the estimated incidence and prevalence of HIV infection among adults and adolescents living in Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) Phase 1 jurisdictions.

Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data United States and 6 Dependent Areas, 2019 (CDC) – This report presents the results of focused analyses of U.S. HIV surveillance data to measure progress toward ending the HIV epidemic. It includes information on the stage of HIV disease at time of diagnosis, linkage to HIV medical care, viral suppression, prevalence-based HIV care continuum, HIV deaths and survival, use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and perinatal HIV infections. The report also includes a series of Special Focus Profiles highlighting six populations of particular interest to HIV prevention programs in state and local health departments: transgender persons; gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men; persons who inject drugs; women; young persons; and persons with perinatally acquired HIV infection. For some measures, data are broken down by area of residence, gender, age, race/ethnicity, and transmission category. 

Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States, 2010-2019 (CDC) – This slide set summarizes trends in HIV incidence during the 2010s, with breakdowns by age, sex, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and region. Data for 2019 is also provided on knowledge of HIV status, as well as HIV prevalence in the 50 states, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

HIV Infection, Stage 3 (AIDS), 2019 (CDC) – This slide set summarizes trends in AIDS diagnoses and deaths from 1985 to 2019, with breakdowns by age, sex, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and region. Data on cumulative AIDS diagnoses and deaths through 2019, and AIDS data for Metropolitan Statistical Areas are also provided.

HIV in the United States by Region (CDC) – This resource provides data on HIV diagnoses, prevalence, and deaths in the following five regions: Northeast, Midwest, South, West, and U.S. Dependent Areas.  However, some maps included in this resource show state-by-state information.

National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP) AtlasPlus (CDC) – This online tool gives users the ability to create customized tables, maps, and charts using more than 15 years of CDC surveillance data on HIV, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases, and tuberculosis in the United States. AtlasPlus also provides data on indicators of social determinants of health, thereby allowing users to view social and economic data together with surveillance data for each disease.

HIV Surveillance in Urban and Nonurban Areas 2018 (Preliminary) (CDC) – This slide set presents data on regional variations of diagnoses of HIV and AIDS among adults and adolescents in the U.S.

Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Annual Client-Level Data Report for 2019 – (Health Resources and Services Administration HIV/AIDS Bureau) – This report provides an in-depth review of demographic and socioeconomic information for Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) clients. It includes breakdowns by age, race/ethnicity, transmission risk category, federal poverty level, healthcare coverage, and housing status. In addition, the report provides focused analyses to measure RWHAP’s progress toward achieving selected HIV-related health outcomes.

Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) State Profiles (HRSA) – Visitors to this web page may use a pull-down menu to access state-specific data about RWHAP clients including breakdowns by age, gender, race/ethnicity, income, health care coverage, and HIV status, as well as risk/transmission categories for female, male, and transgender clients. The page also has an option for state-to-state comparisons of these client characteristics.

HIV Legal Landscape (CDC) – CDC’s Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention systematically collects and assesses information about HIV statutes and regulatory frameworks to help determine whether these act as barriers or facilitators to effective HIV prevention. CDC summarizes in text, tables, and maps state-specific data on the following: state HIV laws, HIV and STD criminal laws, minors consent laws, laboratory reporting laws, and perinatal HIV testing laws.

AIDSVu – AIDSVu is an interactive online mapping tool that visualizes the impact of the HIV epidemic on communities across the United States. AIDSVu’s interactive national map can display state and county-level data on HIV prevalence, new diagnoses, PrEP usage, and the PrEP-to-need ratio, with filters for age, sex, various social determinants of health, and population density (rural versus urban). The site also includes blog postings and infographics focusing on important HIV health issues and affected population groups.  

 

The contents listed on this page are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement by, the New England AIDS Education and Training Center.