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HIV/AIDS in the United States

Education Packet

HIV/AIDS in the United States – This packet is a compilation of recent fact sheets and other resources. You may wish to customize it to meet the needs or interests of particular groups, such as event participants, providers, patients, clients, or the general public. So please feel free to distribute all or part of this packet as either a printout or PDF.  

 

General Fact Sheets on the U.S. Epidemic

HIV in the United States and Dependent Areas (CDC) – This summarizes key facts about HIV infection in the U.S., including: the number of new diagnoses; HIV prevalence; the groups most heavily impacted by HIV; patterns in HIV diagnoses by age; recent trends in HIV diagnoses among gay and bisexual men, heterosexuals, and people who inject drugs; and the HIV care continuum in the United States. Also also available in Spanish.

Basic Statistics (CDC) – This provides general statistical information about HIV in the U.S., including the total number of new HIV diagnoses in 2019 and recent trends in diagnoses, HIV prevalence, and new diagnoses by transmission category and race/ethnicity. Additional information is provided on the population groups most heavily impacted by HIV in the U.S., as well as regional patterns of HIV in the nation. Also available in Spanish.

HIV in the United States by Region (CDC) – This summarizes HIV diagnoses in five regions: Northeast, Midwest, South, West, and U.S. Dependent Areas in a series of graphs and maps. In 2018, the states with the highest rates of new HIV diagnoses were mainly in the South. Although new HIV diagnoses for the country as a whole have declined in recent years, diagnosis trends varied substantially by region.

HIV’s Impact on Racial and Ethnic Minorities (HIV.gov) – This fact sheet includes information about the proportion of people with HIV by race/ethnicity compared to their proportion in the U.S. population; HIV incidence by race/ethnicity; Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program clients from racial and ethnic minority population groups; and the Minority HIV/AIDS Fund.

 

CDC Fact Sheets on Affected Population Groups

CDC has produced a series of fact sheets that focus on different population groups affected by HIV/AIDS in the United States. These population groups are listed below with hyperlinks to the corresponding fact sheets.

National HIV/AIDS Strategy and Plan to End the U.S. HIV Epidemic

National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States: 2022-2025 (White House) – The National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS) outlines the framework and direction for the Administration’s policies, research, programs, and planning through 2025 in an effort to end the U.S. HIV epidemic by 2030. According to the new NHAS’s vision statement, “The United States will be a place where new HIV infections are prevented, every person knows their status, and every person with HIV has high-quality care and treatment, lives free from stigma and discrimination, and can achieve their full potential for health and well-being across the lifespan. This vision includes all people, regardless of age, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, religion, disability, geographic location, or socioeconomic circumstance.” Key features of the new NHAS are summarized on an HIV.gov web page, as well as a two-page fact sheet.

HIV National Strategic Plan for the United States: A Roadmap to End the Epidemic – 2021-2025 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services – HHS) – This plan, which presents a framework for U.S. efforts to end the HIV epidemic in the U.S., was developed in a collaboration involving HHS and numerous federal and community partners. It establishes a series of targets for ending the U.S. HIV epidemic by 2030, including a 75% reduction in new HIV infections by 2025 and a 90% reduction by 2030. In addition, The HIV plan establishes indicators to measure progress, with quantitative targets for each indicator, and designates priority populations and key areas of focus.

Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America (CDC) – The Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) initiative leverages scientific advances in HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and outbreak response with the goal of reducing new HIV infections in the U.S. 90% by 2030. The EHE home page links to the following pages with more detailed information about the initiative: about EHE, CDC’s role in EHE, EHE in action, news and updates, prevent, diagnose, treat, and respond

America’s HIV Epidemic Analysis Dashboard (AHEAD) – Launched by HHS in 2020, AHEAD is a data visualization tool designed to display data on the six core indicators the federal government uses to track progress towards the EHE Initiative goals: HIV incidence; knowledge of HIV status; HIV diagnoses; timely linkage to HIV medical care after diagnosis; HIV viral suppression; and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) coverage.

 

Surveillance Data and Other Reports

Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019 (CDC) – This surveillance report includes detailed information about new HIV diagnoses, prevalence, and deaths in the U.S., including breakdowns by geographic region, gender, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and age. The report includes a series of Special Focus Profiles highlighting six populations of particular interest to HIV prevention programs in state and local health departments: transgender persons; gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men; persons who inject drugs; women; adolescents and young adults; and children under 13 years old.

HIV in the United States by Region (CDC) – This resource provides data on HIV diagnoses, prevalence, and deaths in the following five regions: Northeast, Midwest, South, West, and U.S. Dependent Areas. 

Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States, 2015-2019 (CDC) – This report provides estimates of the number of new HIV infections and the total number of persons living with HIV during each year from 2015 through 2019. It begins with a commentary section that summarizes highlights of the report, followed by tables that present data on HIV incidence and prevalence among adults and adolescents, with breakdowns by sex at birth, age, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and region of residence. An appendix focuses on the estimated incidence and prevalence of HIV infection among adults and adolescents living in Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) Phase 1 jurisdictions.

Estimated Annual Number of HIV Infections – United States, 1981-2019 (CDC) – This report tracks trends in U.S. HIV incidence since the beginning of the epidemic. The estimated number of new HIV infections increased from about 20,000 in 1981 to a peak of about 130,400 in 1984 and 1985. Since that time, HIV incidence decreased by 73% to 34,800 in 2019.

Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States, 2010-2019 (CDC) – This slide set summarizes trends in HIV incidence during the 2010s, with breakdowns by age, sex, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and region. Data for 2019 is also provided on knowledge of HIV status, as well as HIV prevalence in the 50 states, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

HIV Infection, Stage 3 (AIDS), 2019 (CDC) – This slide set summarizes trends in AIDS diagnoses and deaths from 1985 to 2019, with breakdowns by age, sex, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and region. Data on cumulative AIDS diagnoses and deaths through 2019, and AIDS data for Metropolitan Statistical Areas are also provided.

HIV Surveillance in Urban and Nonurban Areas 2018 (Preliminary) (CDC) – This slide set presents data on regional variations of diagnoses of HIV and AIDS among adults and adolescents in the United States.

AtlasPlus (CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention) – This online tool gives users the ability to create customized tables, maps, and charts using more than 10 years of CDC surveillance data on HIV, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases, and tuberculosis in the United States. AtlasPlus also provides data on indicators of social determinants of health, thereby allowing users to view social and economic data together with surveillance data for each disease.

Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data United States and 6 Dependent Areas, 2019 (CDC) – This report presents the results of focused analyses of U.S. HIV surveillance data to measure progress toward ending the HIV epidemic. The report also includes a series of Special Focus Profiles highlighting six populations of particular interest to HIV prevention programs in state and local health departments. For some measures, data are broken down by area of residence, gender, age, race/ethnicity, and transmission category. 

Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Annual Client-Level Data Report for 2020 – (Health Resources and Services Administration – HRSA) – This report provides an in-depth review of demographic and socioeconomic information for Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) clients. It includes breakdowns by age, race/ethnicity, transmission risk category, federal poverty level, healthcare coverage, and housing status. In addition, the report provides focused analyses to measure the RWHAP’s progress toward achieving select HIV-related health outcomes.

Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program Clients, 2019 (HRSA) – This fact sheet summarizes information about the approximately 568,000 RWHAP clients during 2019, including information about client poverty levels, race-ethnicity, gender, age, and viral suppression rates.

Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program State Profiles (HRSA) – Visitors to this web page may access state-specific data about RWHAP clients including breakdowns by age, gender, race/ethnicity, income, health care coverage, and HIV status, as well as risk/transmission categories for female, male, and transgender clients.

HIV Legal Landscape (CDC) – CDC’s Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention systematically collects and assesses information about HIV statutes and regulatory frameworks to help determine whether these act as barriers or facilitators to effective HIV prevention. CDC summarizes in text, tables, and maps state-specific data on the following: state HIV laws, HIV and STD criminal laws, minors consent laws, laboratory reporting laws, and perinatal HIV testing laws.

AIDSVu – AIDSVu is an interactive online mapping tool that visualizes the impact of the HIV epidemic on communities across the United States. AIDSVu’s interactive national map can display state and county-level data on HIV prevalence, new diagnoses, PrEP usage, with filters for age, sex, various social determinants of health, and population density (rural versus urban). The site also includes blog postings and infographics focusing on important HIV health issues and affected population groups.   

 

The contents listed on this page are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement by, the New England AIDS Education and Training Center.