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Hispanics/Latinos and HIV

Education Packet

Hispanics/Latinos and HIV – This packet is a compilation of several recent fact sheets and other resources. You may wish to customize it to meet the needs or interests of particular groups, such as event participants, providers, patients, clients, or the general public. So please feel free to distribute all or part of this packet as either a printout or PDF.
 

Fact Sheets, Issue Briefs, and Infographics 

HIV and Hispanics/Latinos (CDC); also available in Spanish – This fact sheet includes breakdowns of HIV diagnoses among Hispanic/Latino persons by gender and transmission category. It also discusses trends in new HIV diagnoses by age and gender during the period from 2014 through 2018. 

Hispanic/Latino Clients: Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, 2018 (Health Resources and Services Administration) – This fact sheet summarizes selected demographic characteristics of Hispanic/Latino clients in the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP). Nearly one-quarter (23%) of the approximately 519,000 RWHAP clients in 2018 were Hispanic/Latino. Among Hispanic/Latino clients, about 41% were age 50 years or older, nearly two-thirds (64%) lived at or below the federal poverty level, and 89% were virally suppressed. More detailed information is provided about these and other demographic characteristics. 

HIV Prevention for Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men (CDC) – This issue brief discusses recent data on HIV among Hispanics/Latinos, with a particular emphasis on gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). The brief examines the social and structural factors that increase HIV risk among Hispanic/Latino MSM, the HIV care continuum, CDC’s ongoing efforts to intensify prevention activities, and steps state and local health departments, community-based organizations, community and religious leaders, and community members can take to address HIV among Hispanics/Latinos. 

HIV in the United States and Dependent Areas (CDC) – This fact sheet – which is also available in Spanish – includes information on the disproportionately high number of new HIV diagnoses among Hispanics/Latinos. Data breakdowns are provided for HIV diagnoses attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and female heterosexual contact among Hispanics/Latinos. Trends in HIV diagnoses between 2014 and 2018 for different racial/ethnic groups are also discussed. 

HIV and Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men (CDC) – This focuses specifically on the impact of the HIV epidemic on Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men.  Data are provided on the number and trends in new HIV diagnoses, HIV prevalence, the HIV care continuum, and deaths among these men. This fact sheet also discusses the prevention challenges among Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men, including: stigma, homophobia, and discrimination; having older sexual partners; relatively low use of pre-exposure prophylaxis; and socioeconomic factors, such as poverty, migration patterns, lower education levels, and language barriers that make it harder to get HIV testing and care. 

Illuminating the Needs of the Forgotten “Olvidados”: A National Assessment of Latinos Growing Older with HIV (Latino Commission on AIDS and the Hispanic Health Network) – This multi-lingual report describes the results of a nationwide community needs assessment for primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanics/Latinos, aged 50 and older, who are living with HIV/ AIDS. 

SPNS Journal Articles on Latinos and HIV Care Engagement (HIV.gov) – Two journal articles on recent HIV care innovation projects funded by HRSA’s Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) highlight care insights and challenges for Latinos living with HIV. 

HIV Poster Series: “Ending HIV Is at Your Fingertips” (Latino Commission on AIDS) – This resource draws attention to the tools that are already available to help end the HIV epidemic, including the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and condoms to prevent HIV transmission and, for people with HIV, adhering to HIV treatment to become and remain healthy. 

Infographics on Hispanics/Latinos and HIV (CDC and AIDSVu):

HIV Surveillance Reports and Data Analyses

Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019 (CDC) – This 123-page surveillance report includes detailed information about new HIV diagnoses, prevalence, and deaths among Hispanic/Latino persons and other racial and ethnic groups.  Breakdowns are also provided by age, gender, transmission category, and geographic region. In addition, Tables 2a, 2b, 7a, 7b, 9a, 9b, 12a, 12b, 16a, 16b, 21a, and A2 focus specifically on HIV diagnoses, deaths, and prevalence by race/ethnicity. Some other tables that focus on different characteristics also include race/ethnicity breakdowns.

Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States, 2015-2019 (CDC) – This report provides estimates of the number of new HIV infections and the total number of persons living with HIV during each year from 2015 through 2019. It begins with a commentary section that summarizes highlights of the report, followed by 13 tables that present data on HIV incidence and prevalence among adults and adolescents, with breakdowns by sex at birth, age, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and region of residence. The race/ethnicity data include statistics for Hispanic/Latino persons. An appendix focuses on the estimated incidence and prevalence of HIV infection among adults and adolescents living in Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) Phase 1 jurisdictions.

Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data United States and 6 Dependent Areas, 2019 (CDC) – This report presents the results of focused analyses of U.S. HIV surveillance data to measure progress toward ending the HIV epidemic. It includes information on the stage of HIV disease at time of diagnosis, linkage to HIV medical care, viral suppression, prevalence-based HIV care continuum, HIV deaths and survival, use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and perinatal HIV infections. The report also includes a series of Special Focus Profiles highlighting six populations of particular interest to HIV prevention programs in state and local health departments. For some measures, data are broken down by race/ethnicity, as well as gender, age, transmission category, and area of residence.

Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States, 2010-2019 (CDC) – This slide set summarizes trends in HIV incidence during the 2010s, with breakdowns by race/ethnicity, age, sex, transmission category, and region. Data for 2019 is also provided on knowledge of HIV status, as well as HIV prevalence in the 50 states, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

HIV Infection, Stage 3 (AIDS), 2019 (CDC) – This slide set summarizes trends in AIDS diagnoses and deaths from 1985 to 2019, with breakdowns by race/ethnicity, age, sex, transmission category, and region. Data on cumulative AIDS diagnoses and deaths through 2019, and AIDS data for Metropolitan Statistical Areas are also provided. 

AIDSVu – AIDSVu is an interactive online mapping tool that visualizes the impact of the HIV epidemic on communities across the United States.  State-by-state data and limited county data for each New England state are available at the following links: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The state data include information on new HIV diagnoses, HIV prevalence, HIV testing, and deaths among persons with HIV, with breakdowns by race/ethnicity. Detailed data are also available for the following areas: Boston, the Hartford metropolitan statistical area (MSA); the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk MSA, and the New Haven-Milford MSA

HIV in the United States by Region (CDC) – This web page includes information on HIV diagnoses by race/ethnicity in the following five regions: Northeast, Midwest, South, West, and U.S. Dependent Areas. Highlights are also summarized in a related fact sheet

Maps Based on Data from 2018 HIV Surveillance Report (Preliminary) (CDC) – This map set presents state data on HIV and AIDS diagnoses and prevalence, with breakdowns by race/ethnicity and by adult/adolescent and pediatric cases. 

Other Recent Reports from CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

Each of these recent reports includes a discussion of racial/ethnic disparities in HIV testing, prevention, and/or care, including disparities affecting Hispanic/Latino communities. 

Vital Signs: Deaths Among Persons with Diagnosed HIV Infection, United States, 2010-2018 

Barriers to Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among HIV-Positive Hispanic and Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men – United States, 2015-2019 

Trends in Diagnosis of HIV Infection, Linkage to Medical Care, and Viral Suppression Among Men Who Have Sex with Men, by Race/Ethnicity and Age – 33 Jurisdictions, United States, 2014-2018 

Vital Signs: Status of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing, Viral Suppression, and HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis – United States, 2013-2018 

Trends in Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Hispanic/Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men – 19 Urban Areas, 2011-2017 

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Among Men Who Have Sex with Men – 23 Urban Areas, 2017 

Changes in HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Awareness and Use Among Men Who Have Sex with Men – 20 Urban Areas, 2014 and 2017
 

Selected Resources from AETCs 

National HIV Curriculum: HIV in Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations (AIDS Education and Training Center, University of Washington, and other partners, 2020) – This is the sixth lesson in the Curriculum’s Key Populations module. It has detailed information on many topics, including:

  • Introduction
  • Overview of HIV Epidemiology in Racial and Ethnic Minorities
  • HIV Epidemiology Data by Racial and Ethnic Populations
  • Comparison of Racial/Ethnic Groups in the HIV Care Continuum
  • Health Outcomes and Death
  • Factors Associated with Health Inequities
  • Future Directions for Reducing HIV-Related Disparities 

Epidemiology of HIV/HCV Co-infection in the United States (Northeast/Caribbean AETC, 2020) – This lesson from AETC's HIV/HCV Co-infection National Curriculum summarizes the incidence, prevalence, transmission routes, and historical patterns of HCV and HIV infection in the United States. With this background as an overall perspective, the lesson then examines in greater detail the prevalence of HIV/HCV co-infection. 

Assisting HIV Patients Returning to Mexico and Central America/Asistiendo a los Pacientes que Regresan a México y Centroamérica (Pacific AETC, South Central AETC, AETC National Coordinating Resource Center, and other groups, 2020) – These fact sheets were developed to assist providers who have patients with HIV who are leaving the U.S. for Mexico and Central American countries. 

HIV/HCV Co-infection National Curriculum: Barriers to HCV Care among Persons of Color (AETC, 2019) – This is a slide set from a webinar with a special focus on people who have experienced incarceration.
 

Selected Organizations and Websites 

Latino Commission on AIDS – The Latino Commission was founded in 1990 to promote HIV education, develop model prevention programs for high-risk communities, and build capacity in community organizations. Its bilingual website includes descriptions and links to a range of HIV and viral hepatitis services, programs, and trainings focusing on Hispanic/Latino communities. 

NMAC – The NMAC website has extensive resources in support of its mission to develop leadership in communities of color to end the HIV/AIDS epidemic.  These include news, program listings, conference information, and a resource library.

 

The contents listed on this page are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement by, the New England AIDS Education and Training Center.