Hispanics/Latinos and HIV – This packet is a compilation of several recent fact sheets and other resources. You may wish to customize it to meet the needs or interests of particular groups, such as event participants, providers, patients, clients, or the general public. So please feel free to distribute all or part of this packet as either a printout or PDF.
Fact Sheets, Issue Briefs, and Infographics
HIV and Hispanics/Latinos (CDC); also available in Spanish – This fact sheet includes breakdowns of HIV diagnoses among Hispanic/Latino persons by gender and transmission category. It also discusses trends in new HIV diagnoses by age and gender during the period from 2014 through 2018.
Hispanic/Latino Clients: Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, 2018 (Health Resources and Services Administration) – This fact sheet summarizes selected demographic characteristics of Hispanic/Latino clients in the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP). Nearly one-quarter (23%) of the approximately 519,000 RWHAP clients in 2018 were Hispanic/Latino. Among Hispanic/Latino clients, about 41% were age 50 years or older, nearly two-thirds (64%) lived at or below the federal poverty level, and 89% were virally suppressed. More detailed information is provided about these and other demographic characteristics.
HIV Prevention for Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men (CDC) – This issue brief discusses recent data on HIV among Hispanics/Latinos, with a particular emphasis on gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). The brief examines the social and structural factors that increase HIV risk among Hispanic/Latino MSM, the HIV care continuum, CDC’s ongoing efforts to intensify prevention activities, and steps state and local health departments, community-based organizations, community and religious leaders, and community members can take to address HIV among Hispanics/Latinos.
HIV in the United States and Dependent Areas (CDC) – This fact sheet – which is also available in Spanish – includes information on the disproportionately high number of new HIV diagnoses among Hispanics/Latinos. Data breakdowns are provided for HIV diagnoses attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and female heterosexual contact among Hispanics/Latinos. Trends in HIV diagnoses between 2014 and 2018 for different racial/ethnic groups are also discussed.
HIV and Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men (CDC) – This focuses specifically on the impact of the HIV epidemic on Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men. Data are provided on the number and trends in new HIV diagnoses, HIV prevalence, the HIV care continuum, and deaths among these men. This fact sheet also discusses the prevention challenges among Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men, including: stigma, homophobia, and discrimination; having older sexual partners; relatively low use of pre-exposure prophylaxis; and socioeconomic factors, such as poverty, migration patterns, lower education levels, and language barriers that make it harder to get HIV testing and care.
Illuminating the Needs of the Forgotten “Olvidados”: A National Assessment of Latinos Growing Older with HIV (Latino Commission on AIDS and the Hispanic Health Network) – This multi-lingual report describes the results of a nationwide community needs assessment for primarily Spanish-speaking Hispanics/Latinos, aged 50 and older, who are living with HIV/ AIDS.
SPNS Journal Articles on Latinos and HIV Care Engagement (HIV.gov) – Two journal articles on recent HIV care innovation projects funded by HRSA’s Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) highlight care insights and challenges for Latinos living with HIV.
HIV Poster Series: “Ending HIV Is at Your Fingertips” (Latino Commission on AIDS) – This resource draws attention to the tools that are already available to help end the HIV epidemic, including the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and condoms to prevent HIV transmission and, for people with HIV, adhering to HIV treatment to become and remain healthy.
Infographics on Hispanics/Latinos and HIV (CDC and AIDSVu):
- HIV Care Continuum: Hispanics/Latinos with HIV (CDC)
- HIV Viral Suppression Rates by Race/Ethnicity – also in Spanish (AIDSVu)
- Late HIV Diagnosis Rates by Race/Ethnicity – also in Spanish (AIDSVu)
- Lifetime HIV Testing Rates by Race/Ethnicity – also in Spanish (AIDSVu)
- Trends in New HIV Diagnoses Among Hispanic/Latinx Men and Women – also in Spanish (AIDSVu)
- New HIV Diagnoses and Trends Among Hispanic/Latinx Gay and Bisexual Men – also in Spanish (AIDSVu)
- Map of New HIV Diagnoses Among Hispanic/Latinx Persons – also in Spanish (AIDSVu)
HIV Surveillance Reports and Data Analyses
Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2018 (updated) (CDC) – This 119-page report includes detailed information about new HIV diagnoses, deaths, and prevalence among Hispanics/Latinos and other racial and ethnic groups. Breakdowns are also provided by age, gender, transmission category, and geographic region. Tables 2a, 2b, 9, 11a, 11b, 15a, 15b, and 19 focus specifically on HIV diagnoses, deaths, and prevalence by race/ethnicity. In addition, some other tables that focus on different characteristics also include race/ethnicity breakdowns.
HIV Surveillance by Race/Ethnicity 2018 (preliminary) (CDC) - This slide set describes numbers and rates of diagnosed HIV infection and diagnosed infections classified as stage 3 (AIDS) by race/ethnicity in the U.S. and six dependent areas. Some of the slides focus specifically on Hispanics/Latinos.
HIV Surveillance in Urban and Nonurban Areas 2018 (Preliminary) (CDC) – This slide set presents regional variations in diagnoses of HIV and AIDS among adults and adolescents in the United States. Please note that several slides in this set focus on HIV diagnoses in different racial/ethnic groups – including Hispanics/Latinos – in large metropolitan areas, smaller metropolitan areas, and nonmetropolitan areas.
AIDSVu – AIDSVu is an interactive online mapping tool that visualizes the impact of the HIV epidemic on communities across the United States. State-by-state data and limited county data for each New England state are available at the following links: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The state data include information on new HIV diagnoses, HIV prevalence, HIV testing, and deaths among persons with HIV, with breakdowns by race/ethnicity. Detailed data are also available for the following areas: Boston, the Hartford metropolitan statistical area (MSA); the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk MSA, and the New Haven-Milford MSA.
HIV in the United States by Region (CDC) – This web page includes information on HIV diagnoses by race/ethnicity in the following five regions: Northeast, Midwest, South, West, and U.S. Dependent Areas. Highlights are also summarized in a related fact sheet.
Maps Based on Data from 2018 HIV Surveillance Report (Preliminary) (CDC) – This map set presents state data on HIV and AIDS diagnoses and prevalence, with breakdowns by race/ethnicity and by adult/adolescent and pediatric cases.
Other Recent Reports from CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Each of these recent reports includes a discussion of racial/ethnic disparities in HIV testing, prevention, and/or care, including disparities affecting Hispanic/Latino communities.
Selected Resources from AETCs
National HIV Curriculum: HIV in Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations (AIDS Education and Training Center, University of Washington, and other partners, 2020) – This is the sixth lesson in the Curriculum’s Key Populations module. It has detailed information on many topics, including:
- Overview of HIV Epidemiology in Racial and Ethnic Minorities
- HIV Epidemiology Data by Racial and Ethnic Populations
- Comparison of Racial/Ethnic Groups in the HIV Care Continuum
- Health Outcomes and Death
- Factors Associated with Health Inequities
- Future Directions for Reducing HIV-Related Disparities
Epidemiology of HIV/HCV Co-infection in the United States (Northeast/Caribbean AETC, 2020) – This lesson from AETC's HIV/HCV Co-infection National Curriculum summarizes the incidence, prevalence, transmission routes, and historical patterns of HCV and HIV infection in the United States. With this background as an overall perspective, the lesson then examines in greater detail the prevalence of HIV/HCV co-infection.
Assisting HIV Patients Returning to Mexico and Central America/Asistiendo a los Pacientes que Regresan a México y Centroamérica (Pacific AETC, South Central AETC, AETC National Coordinating Resource Center, and other groups, 2020) – These fact sheets were developed to assist providers who have patients with HIV who are leaving the U.S. for Mexico and Central American countries.
HIV/HCV Co-infection National Curriculum: Barriers to HCV Care among Persons of Color (AETC, 2019) – This is a slide set from a webinar with a special focus on people who have experienced incarceration.
Selected Organizations and Websites
Latino Commission on AIDS – The Latino Commission was founded in 1990 to promote HIV education, develop model prevention programs for high-risk communities, and build capacity in community organizations. Its bilingual website includes descriptions and links to a range of HIV and viral hepatitis services, programs, and trainings focusing on Hispanic/Latino communities.
NMAC – The NMAC website has extensive resources in support of its mission to develop leadership in communities of color to end the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These include news, program listings, conference information, and a resource library.