The 18th annual National Asian and Pacific Islander HIV/AIDS Awareness Day will be held on May 19. To help commemorate the day, we have compiled an annotated list of online resources focusing on HIV/AIDS among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. For additional information on this topic, you also can visit NEAETC’s Online HIV Resource Library pages focusing on HIV among Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders.
Fact Sheets, Web Pages, and Infographics
HIV in the United States by Race/Ethnicity (CDC) – This web page links to data on HIV among different racial and ethnic groups, including Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders. Information is provided about HIV risk behaviors, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) coverage, HIV incidence, HIV diagnoses, knowledge of HIV status, viral suppression rates, and what CDC is doing to address HIV in different racial/ethnic groups.
National Asian and Pacific Islander HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (HIV.gov) – Web page with links to information and resources about HIV/AIDS in these communities.
Infographics on HIV Among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Other Pacific Islanders (CDC and AIDSVu):
- Asians with HIV (CDC)
- Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders with HIV (CDC)
- Social Determinants of Health and HIV Among Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders (AIDSVu)
- Percentage of New Diagnoses Among Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders (AIDSVu)
- Changes in HIV Diagnoses Over Time Among Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders (AIDSVu)
- Percentage of Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders Who Have Ever Been Tested for HIV (AIDSVu)
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander Clients: Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, 2019 (Health Resources and Services Administration) – This fact sheet summarizes selected demographic characteristics of Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander clients in the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP). About one in five hundred (0.2%) of the nearly 568,000 RWHAP clients in 2019 were Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders. Among Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander clients, about 38% were age 50 years or older, over half (58%) lived at or below the federal poverty level, and 88% were virally suppressed. More detailed information is provided about these and other demographic characteristics.
HIV Surveillance Reports and Data Analyses
Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2019 (CDC) – This surveillance report includes detailed information about new HIV diagnoses, prevalence, and deaths among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians/other Pacific Islanders, and other racial and ethnic groups. Breakdowns are also provided by age, gender, transmission category, and geographic region. In addition, Tables 2a, 2b, 7a, 7b, 9a, 9b, 12a, 12b, 16a, 16b, 21, and A2 focus specifically on HIV diagnoses, deaths, and prevalence by race/ethnicity. Some other tables that focus on different characteristics also include race/ethnicity breakdowns.
Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States, 2015-2019 (CDC) – This report provides estimates of the number of new HIV infections and the total number of persons living with HIV during each year from 2015 through 2019. It begins with a commentary section that summarizes highlights of the report, followed by tables that present data on HIV incidence and prevalence among adults and adolescents, with breakdowns by sex at birth, age, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and region of residence. The race/ethnicity data include statistics for Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders. An appendix focuses on the estimated incidence and prevalence of HIV infection among adults and adolescents living in Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE) Phase 1 jurisdictions.
Monitoring Selected National HIV Prevention and Care Objectives by Using HIV Surveillance Data: United States and 6 Dependent Areas, 2019 (CDC) – This report presents the results of focused analyses of U.S. HIV surveillance data to measure progress toward ending the HIV epidemic. It includes information on the stage of HIV disease at the time of diagnosis, linkage to HIV medical care, viral suppression, prevalence-based HIV care continuum, HIV deaths and survival, use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and perinatal HIV infections. The report also includes a series of Special Focus Profiles highlighting six populations of particular interest to HIV prevention programs in state and local health departments. For some measures, data are broken down by race/ethnicity, as well as gender, age, transmission category, and area of residence.
Estimated HIV Incidence and Prevalence in the United States, 2010-2019 (CDC) – This slide set summarizes trends in HIV incidence during the 2010s, with breakdowns by race/ethnicity, age, sex, transmission category, and region. Data for 2019 is also provided on knowledge of HIV status, as well as HIV prevalence in the 50 states, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
National HIV Curriculum: HIV in Racial and Ethnic Minority Populations (AIDS Education and Training Center, University of Washington, and other partners, updated 2021) – This is the sixth lesson in the HIV Curriculum’s Key Populations module. It has detailed information on many topics, including:
- Overview of HIV Epidemiology in Racial and Ethnic Minorities
- HIV Epidemiology Data by Racial and Ethnic Populations
- Comparison of Racial/Ethnic Groups in the HIV Care Continuum
- Health Outcomes and Death
- Factors Associated with Health Inequities
- Future Directions for Reducing HIV-Related Disparities
- Summary Points
Case Studies to Improve Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander HIV/AIDS Data Collection, Reporting, and Dissemination (Asian and Pacific Islander American Health Forum, 2013) – This 60-page report includes in-depth case studies of three jurisdictions – New York, Hawaii, and San Francisco – which each have significant Asian American and Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander populations and significant HIV/AIDS rates in those groups.
Ten Reasons to Address HIV/AIDS in Asian American and Pacific Islander Communities (White House archives, 2014) – The reasons cited include low HIV testing rates and late testing, high HIV stigma, and lack of awareness of HIV status among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders.
BESAFE: A Cultural Competency Model for Asians and Pacific Islanders (National Minority AIDS Education and Training Center and Howard University) – This workbook outlines a framework to help healthcare providers become culturally competent in the care of Asian and Pacific Islander persons with HIV.