The sixth annual National Transgender HIV Testing Day (NTHTD) will be observed on Sunday, April 18. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), NTHTD is an opportunity “to recognize the importance of routine HIV testing, status awareness, and continued focus on HIV prevention and treatment efforts among transgender and gender non-binary people.” Community-based organizations, health jurisdictions, and HIV prevention programs are encouraged to participate in NTHTD by hosting local trans HIV testing in their community and distributing trans-specific HIV testing campaign materials and resources.
As part of the NTHTD initiative, the University of California-San Francisco’s Center of Excellence for Transgender Health developed a Trans HIV Testing Toolkit, which includes five modules designed to reflect current HIV prevention research and best practices for serving trans and gender non-binary people. The modules are: 1) Get the Facts about Trans People and HIV; 2) HIV Testing and Enhanced Communication Approaches with Trans People; 3) Building Capacity to Increase HIV Testing Efforts for Trans People; 4) Community Engagement and the National Transgender HIV Testing Day; and 5) NTHTD and Toolkit Resources.
To support activities commemorating NTHTD, we have compiled an annotated list of online resources focusing on HIV/AIDS among transgender people.
Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2018 (updated) – This CDC report presents detailed information about new HIV diagnoses, deaths, and prevalence among transgender persons. Breakdowns are also provided by age, gender, race/ethnicity, transmission category, and geographic region. The report includes a Special Focus Profile that highlights HIV trends and distribution in transgender persons. Some of the report’s tables – 4a, 4b, 17a, and 17b – also present information specifically about transgender persons.
HIV Infection, Risk, Prevention, and Testing Behaviors Among Transgender Women: National HIV Behavioral Surveillance – 7 U.S. Cities, 2019-2020 – This CDC report examines HIV prevalence, HIV testing rates, sexual behaviors, receipt of HIV prevention, and gender-affirming medical treatment among transgender women surveyed in the following major U.S. cities: Atlanta, Georgia; Los Angeles, California; New Orleans, Louisiana; New York City, New York; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; San Francisco, California; and Seattle, Washington.
HIV and Transgender People – This CDC fact sheet includes information about new HIV diagnoses among transgender men and women, with breakdowns by race/ethnicity; why transgender people are at higher risk for HIV infection; and steps CDC is taking to address HIV among transgender people. Also available in Spanish.
HIV and Transgender Communities – This four-page CDC issue brief includes sections on HIV prevalence and new diagnoses, HIV risk, HIV prevention initiatives and research, and activities to raise awareness and support community engagement related to HIV and transgender people.
HIV Prevention and Care for the Transgender Population – CDC’s Transforming Health initiative and associated website provides information and materials for healthcare providers, whole-care teams, social service providers, and transgender people, with the goal of reducing new HIV infections and improving the health of transgender people who are living with HIV.
Infographics on Transgender People and HIV from AIDSVu
- Transgender Women of Color Are Disproportionately Impacted by HIV
- Five States with the Highest Number of Transgender Women with HIV
- High Poverty Levels Among Transgender Women and Men with HIV
- Growing Numbers of Transgender Women Served by the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program
- One-Third of Transgender Women with HIV Are Between 25 and 34 Years Old
TargetHIV: Transgender People – This resource page from HRSA’s Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program (RWHAP) provides data on viral suppression among adults and adolescents served by the RWHAP, as well as links to related news and resources, including:
- SPNS Transgender Women of Color Initiative Intervention Manuals, which focus on linking to, and retention in high-quality HIV care; and
- end+disparities ECHO Collaborative, which is a national initiative to reduce health disparities among four disproportionately affected HIV subpopulations, including transgender people.
Sexual and Gender Minorities – This resource page compiled by the AIDS Education and Training Center Program’s National Coordinating Resource Center includes several resources that focus specifically on HIV in transgender communities and transgender health:
- The National HIV Curriculum, which includes sections on transgender women and transgender men;
- Transgender People and HIV – policy brief from the World Health Organization
- Mental Health for Transgender and Gender-Diverse People
- DHHS Adult ART Guidelines: Transgender People with HIV
- HIV Partner Service Delivery Among Transgender Women: United States, 2013–2017 – report in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
- HIV Testing Among Transgender Women and Men: 27 States and Guam, 2014–2015 – report in MMWR
- Crossroads: ADAP Considerations for Transgender Health – report from the National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors
- Caring for Transgender People with Severe Mental Illness – issue brief from the National LGBT Health Education Center
- AETC webinars on Transgender Healthcare and Endocrinology & the Transgender Patient
SAGE: Advocacy and Services for LGBT Elders – SAGE’s website includes an HIV/AIDS section with several fact sheets and issue briefs that focus on HIV and aging, with particular emphasis on LGBT persons.
Transgender People and HIV: What We Know – This resource from the Human Rights Campaign includes a bulleted list of “fast facts” about the impacts of HIV on transgender communities in the U.S. and worldwide, as well as critical issues that impact the health and well-being of transgender persons at risk for, or living with, HIV infections.
Other Transgender Health Resources
Transgender Persons – CDC’s compilation of resources related to transgender health. Includes fact sheets, links to organizations serving transgender persons, health information specifically for transgender persons, and resources about transgender health for healthcare providers and public health professionals.
University of California-San Francisco’s Center of Excellence for Transgender Health (CoE) – CoE’s website includes many resources on transgender health in keeping with its mission of “increasing access to comprehensive, effective, and affirming health care services for trans and gender diverse communities.” These include fact sheets in English and Spanish, reports and monographs, survey instruments, frequently asked questions (FAQs), intervention curricula, and a community-engaged participatory research toolbox.
National LGBT Health Education Center – This program of The Fenway Institute provides educational programs, resources, and consultation to health care organizations with the goal of optimizing quality, cost-effective health care for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, asexual, and all sexual and gender minority (LGBTQIA+) people.
LGBTQIA+ – Resource with a list of articles, trainings, and online publications to help promote education and awareness of gender identity, gender expression, and sexual orientation. Compiled by the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Resource Center at the University of California-San Francisco.
All Children-All Families – This Human Rights Campaign project “promotes LGBTQ inclusive policies and affirming practices among child welfare agencies and formally recognizes those agencies that are leading the field with innovative approaches to inclusion.”