National HIV Testing Day (NHTD) is an annual observance each June 27 to promote HIV testing in the United States. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 1.2 million people in the U.S. are currently living with HIV, and one in seven of them don’t know that they are infected.
The NHTD theme for 2020 is the power of “knowing” – knowing your HIV status, knowing your risk, knowing your prevention options, and knowing your treatment options. “This theme highlights the many ways to stay in-the-know about HIV testing and expands beyond testing to include broader awareness of the many options related to HIV prevention, testing, and treatment,” according to CDC. “This year also focuses on self-testing as an option when facility-based services and in-person patient-clinician contact is limited.”
To help you, your patients or clients, and at-risk communities prepare for and mark the day, we’ve compiled an annotated list of online resources focusing on HIV testing.
National HIV Testing Day (HIV.gov) – This resource page for NHTD includes a variety of materials to help organizations raise awareness about HIV testing, and to encourage everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 to get tested for HIV at least once as part of routine health care.
Fact Sheets, Web Pages, and Resources
HIV Testing 101 (CDC) – This is an easy-to-read fact sheet in question-and-answer (Q&A) format. The first page is in English, and the second page is in Spanish.
HIV Testing (AIDSinfo) – This fact sheet also covers HIV testing in a Q&A format. It includes information about what HIV testing is, why it is important, who should be tested, where to get testing, the types of HIV tests, and confidentiality in HIV testing. Also available in Spanish.
HIV Testing (The Well Project) – This fact sheet provides basic information about HIV testing, as well as links to other testing resources.
HIV Testing (Avert) – This webpage links to information about why, when, and how to get tested for HIV, what happens after people receive HIV test results, and personal stories about HIV testing.
HIV Testing in the United States (Kaiser Family Foundation) – This issue brief includes sections with important dates in HIV testing history, testing statistics broken down by race/ethnicity, U.S. testing recommendations and requirements, insurance coverage of HIV testing, testing sites and policies, testing techniques, and what happens after someone receives a positive HIV test result.
HIV Expanded Testing Initiative (CDC) – This webpage discusses the goals and accomplishments of the Expanded Testing Initiative, which aims to: 1) significantly increase the number of persons tested in jurisdictions with a high rate of HIV among disproportionately affected populations; and 2) support implementation of CDC’s recommendations for HIV testing.
GetTested: National HIV, STD, and Hepatitis Testing (CDC) – This webpage includes answers to frequently-asked questions about HIV, STD, and hepatitis testing, as well as a search feature to help people find nearby testing sites, providers of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and organizations that provide condoms for free or low cost.
#Doing It (CDC) – This is the webpage for CDC’s “Doing It” HIV testing campaign. The site has links to extensive materials supporting HIV testing, including banners, brochures, fact sheets, palm cards, posters, and videos featuring celebrities, community leaders, and volunteers.
HIV Testing Guidelines, Recommendations, and Related Documents
HIV Testing (Guidelines) (CDC) – This web page has links to many resources, including guidelines for HIV testing in clinical and nonclinical settings, HIV laboratory testing and reporting of test results, and HIV testing of donors of organs and other tissues.
HIV Self-Testing Guidance (CDC) – In a “Dear Colleague” letter dated April 28, 2020, CDC officials provide guidance to HIV providers regarding the use of HIV self-testing during the COVID-19 pandemic – a time when many face-to-face interactions with patients/clients have been disrupted.
Recommendations for HIV Screening of Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men – United States, 2017 (CDC) – This policy note provides an update on CDC’s initiative to assess the benefits and harms associated with more frequent screening of men who have sex with men.
Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health Care Settings (CDC) – This provides recommendations on routine, opt-out HIV screening of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health care settings in the United States.
Screening in Clinical Settings (CDC) – This webpage provides information and resources for providers and the public on HIV testing in nonclinical settings.
HIV Testing in Nonclinical Settings (CDC) – This webpage provides information and resources for providers and public on HIV testing in nonclinical settings.
Implementing HIV Testing in Nonclinical Settings: A Guide for HIV Testing Providers – This guidance document supports the implementation of HIV testing services in nonclinical settings in the United States.
Laboratory Testing for the Diagnosis of HIV Infection: Updated Recommendations – This provides updated recommendations for HIV testing by laboratories in the United States and describes approaches for reporting test results to persons ordering HIV tests and to public health authorities.
Quick Reference Guide – Laboratory Testing for the Diagnosis of HIV Infection: Updated Recommendations, CDC 2018 (CDC) – This is a two-page summary of the full recommendations above.
HIV Infection: Detection, Counseling, and Referral, 2015 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines (CDC) – This provides HIV screening recommendations for persons who seek evaluation and treatment for STDs.
PHS Guideline for Reducing Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B Virus, and Hepatitis C Virus Transmission Through Organ Transplantation (U.S. Public Health Service) – This provides recommendations on testing of living and deceased donors.
Recent Reports from CDC’s MMWR Focusing on HIV Testing
HIV Testing Outcomes Among Blacks or African Americans – 50 Local U.S. Jurisdictions Accounting for the Majority of New HIV Diagnoses and Seven States with Disproportionate Occurrences of HIV in Rural Areas, 2017