On Sunday, December 1, the global community will observe the 32nd annual World AIDS Day. The theme for 2019 is “Communities Make the Difference.” According to UNAIDS, about 37.9 million people were living with HIV worldwide during 2018 – the latest year for which data are available. Of this total, about 36.2 million were adults (aged 15 years and older), and 1.7 million were children. Substantial progress has been made to reduce the number of new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths and to increase the number of people receiving effective antiretroviral treatment (ART). During 2018:
- An estimated 1.7 million people worldwide were newly infected with HIV. The annual number of new infections has declined about 40% globally from 2.9 million in 1997, and 16% since 2010.
- About 770,000 people died of AIDS-related illnesses in 2018. Global AIDS-related deaths have fallen by more than half (56%) from the peak of about 1.7 million in 2004.
- Globally, tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among people living with HIV – accounting for about one-third of all AIDS-related deaths.
- An estimated 82% of pregnant women living with HIV had access to ART to prevent transmission of HIV to their babies.
- Continuum of HIV Care: In 2018, an estimated 79% of people living with HIV globally knew their HIV status. Among persons living with HIV who knew their status, about 78% were accessing ART. And among those accessing treatment, an estimated 86% were virally suppressed.
To help you and your clients or patients prepare for and commemorate World AIDS Day, we have compiled an annotated list of online resources focusing on the HIV/AIDS epidemic at the global and national levels.
The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic
UNAIDS Website – This website includes information about HIV/AIDS policies and programs, regional information, global statistics, and news. Highlights include the following pages and recent reports:
- Progress Reports by Country
- UNAIDS Strategy: 2016-2021
- UNAIDS Data 2018
- Key Populations Atlas – This resource uses maps to present available country-by-country HIV data for sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, transgender people, and prisoners.
- AIDS by the Numbers – This 12-page report summarizes key statistics on the global epidemic in a series of colorful infographics.
- World AIDS Day 2019: Communities Make the Difference – This brief report examines how communities of people living with HIV and communities of women and young people “lead and support the delivery of HIV services, defend human rights, [and] support their peers.”
Global HIV & Tuberculosis. This CDC web page includes statistics on HIV and TB, as well as U.S. efforts to help heavily affected nations respond effectively to both epidemics.
Kaiser Family Foundation Publications About the Global Epidemic
- The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic
- Global HIV/AIDS Timeline
- The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
- The U.S. & The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria
- Donor Government Disbursements for HIV in 2018
- Donor Government Funding for HIV in Low- and Middle-Income Countries in 2018
- PEPFAR Reauthorization: Side-by-Side of Legislation Over Time
- Global HIV/AIDS Financing Amidst Uncertainty
The U.S. HIV/AIDS Epidemic
Ending the HIV Epidemic: A Plan for America. In early 2019, the Trump Administration launched this proposed plan to end the HIV epidemic in the U.S. within 10 years. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the plan “will leverage the powerful data and tools now available to reduce new HIV infections in the U.S. by 75% in five years and by 90% by 2030.” The program will direct significant resources to 48 counties, Washington, D.C., San Juan, Puerto Rico, as well as 7 states that have a substantial rural HIV burden. In addition, the Plan’s four main strategies – diagnose, treat, protect, and respond – will be implemented across the entire U.S. within 10 years.
National HIV/AIDS Strategy: Updated to 2020. This 74-page document developed by the Obama Administration provides guidance for the U.S. HIV/AIDS response through the year 2020. It outlines a series of steps needed to achieve four primary goals: 1) reducing new HIV infections; 2) increasing access to care and improving health outcomes for people living with HIV; 3) reducing HIV-related disparities and health inequities; and 4) achieving a more coordinated national response to the U.S. HIV epidemic.
CDC Fact Sheets Focusing on the U.S. Epidemic and Specific Population Groups
- HIV in the United States: At A Glance. This focuses on key aspects of the U.S. epidemic with bulleted highlights and graphs.
- Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017 (129-page report). There is also an accompanying infographic summarizing highlights from the report.
- HIV and Gay and Bisexual Men
- HIV and African American Gay and Bisexual Men
- HIV and Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men
- HIV and Transgender People
- HIV and Men
- HIV and Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children
- HIV Among Women
- HIV and African Americans
- HIV and American Indians and Alaska Natives
- HIV and Asians
- HIV and Hispanics/Latinos
- HIV and Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders
- HIV and Youth
- HIV and Older Americans
- HIV and People Who Inject Drugs
- HIV Risk Among Persons Who Exchange Sex for Money or Nonmonetary Items
- Communities in Crisis: Is There a Generalized HIV Epidemic in Impoverished Urban Areas of the United States?