National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day (NNHAAD) will be observed this year on Saturday, March 20. NNHAAD “is a national mobilization effort designed to encourage American Indians, Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiians across the United States and Territorial Areas to get educated, get tested, get involved in prevention, and get treated for HIV,” according to the NNHAAD website.
Of the 37,832 HIV diagnoses in the U.S. and dependent areas during 2018, about 0.5% (189) were among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN). Of those diagnoses, about 77% (144) were among men, 16% (30) were among women, and 6% were among transgender persons or those of other gender identity. Of the 144 HIV diagnoses among AI/AN men, over nine out of ten were among gay and bisexual men. For the period 2010 through 2017, the number of new HIV diagnoses increased 39% among AI/AN persons overall and 54% among AI/AN gay and bisexual men.
To support activities commemorating NNHAAD, we have compiled an annotated list of online resources focusing on HIV/AIDS among AI/AN persons.
HIV/AIDS and American Indians/Alaska Natives. This web page from the Office of Minority Health has detailed statistical information about HIV testing, HIV and AIDS cases, and death rates among the AI/AN population.
HIV and American Indians and Alaska Natives. This CDC fact sheet, updated in 2020, includes information about HIV trends among AI/AN in the U.S., prevention challenges, and steps CDC is taking to reduce new infections and improve HIV treatment and care in this group.
Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2018 (updated). This CDC surveillance report includes detailed information about new HIV diagnoses, deaths, and prevalence among AI/AN and other racial and ethnic groups. Breakdowns are also provided by age, gender, transmission category, and geographic region. Tables 2a, 2b, 11a, 11b, 15a, 15b, and 19 focus specifically on HIV diagnoses, deaths, and prevalence by race/ethnicity. In addition, some other tables that focus on different characteristics also include race/ethnicity breakdowns.
Infographics for National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day from AIDSVu
- Injection Drug Use and HIV Among AI/AN Women
- New HIV/AIDS Diagnoses Among AI/AN Americans Compared to White Americans
- Trends in HIV/AIDS Diagnoses Among AI/AN Americans from 2008-2028
National Native HIV/AIDS Awareness Day Website. This is the official website for NNHAAD. The site provides background information about the day, together with links to fact sheets, other educational materials, and products to promote HIV/AIDS awareness.
American Indians and Alaska Natives: Health Disparities in HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB. This CDC web page examines health disparities in the AI/AN population, including HIV, viral hepatitis (hepatitis A, B, and C), sexually transmitted infections (gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis), and tuberculosis.
Native Gay Men and Two Spirit People: HIV/AIDS and Viral Hepatitis Programs and Services. This issue brief from NASTAD includes: background information about HIV among AI/AN persons; social determinants of health; gender identity, including “Two Spirit” identity; and tailoring HIV, STD and viral hepatitis services for Native gay men and Two Spirit persons.
Celebrate American Indian/Alaska Native Heritage Month! This CDC resource page includes information about health indicators and health disparities among the AI/AN population, and discusses strategies for reducing health disparities. AI/AN Heritage month is commemorated in November.
American Indian and Alaska Native Health. This web page from MedlinePlus has links to many health resources focusing specifically on AI/AN communities.