On Saturday, December 1, the global community will observe the 31st annual World AIDS Day. According to UNAIDS, about 36.9 million people were living with HIV worldwide during 2017. Of this total, about 35.1 million were adults (aged 15 years and older), and 1.8 million were children. Substantial progress has been made to reduce the number of new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths and to increase the number of people receiving effective antiretroviral treatment (ART). During 2017:
- An estimated 1.8 million people worldwide were newly infected with HIV. The annual number of new infections has declined about 15% globally since 2010.
- About 940,000 people died of AIDS-related illnesses. Global AIDS-related deaths have fallen by more than half (51%) from the peak of about 1.9 million in 2004.
- Globally, tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among people living with HIV – accounting for about one-third of all AIDS-related deaths.
- About four in five (80%) pregnant women living with HIV had access to ART to prevent transmission of HIV to their babies.
To help you and your patients or clients prepare for and commemorate World AIDS Day, we have compiled an annotated list of online resources focusing on the HIV/AIDS epidemic at the global and national levels.
The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic
UNAIDS Website – This website includes information about HIV/AIDS policies and programs, regional information, global statistics, and news. Highlights include the following pages and recent reports:
- Progress Reports by Country
- UNAIDS Strategy: 2016-2021
- UNAIDS Data 2018
- Key Populations Atlas – This resource uses maps to present available country-by-country HIV data for sex workers, men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, transgender people, and prisoners.
- Miles to Go: Closing Gaps, Breaking Barriers, Righting Injustices – This is UNAIDS’s global update for 2018; the update has three associated slide sets: 2018 Global AIDS Update, Barriers to Ending AIDS, and Regions in Focus.
- Miles to Go regional reports – a publication series focusing on the response to HIV in these specific regions: Asia and the Pacific, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Western and Central Africa, the Caribbean, Latin America, Western and Central Europe and North America, Eastern and Southern Africa, and the Middle East and North Africa
- Ending AIDS: Progress Towards the 90-90-90 Targets
- Blind Spot: Reaching Out to Men and Boys [in the response to HIV]
Global HIV & Tuberculosis. This CDC web page includes statistics on HIV and TB in numerous countries, as well as U.S. efforts to help heavily affected nations respond effectively to both epidemics.
Kaiser Family Foundation Information About the Global Epidemic
- The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic
- Global HIV/AIDS Timeline
- The U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR)
- The U.S. & The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria
- Donor Government Disbursements for HIV in 2017
- Donor Government Funding for HIV in Low- and Middle-Income Countries in 2017
- PEPFAR Reauthorization: Side-by-Side of Existing and Proposed Legislation
- Global HIV/AIDS Financing Amidst Uncertainty
Avert.org Information About the Global Epidemic and the Epidemic in Specific Regions
- HIV Around the World
- Global HIV and AIDS Statistics
- Global Response to HIV and AIDS
- History of HIV and AIDS
- East and Southern Africa
- West and Central Africa
- Asia and the Pacific
- Middle East and North Africa
- Latin America and the Caribbean
- Eastern Europe and Central Asia
- Western Europe, Central Europe, and North America
The U.S. HIV/AIDS Epidemic
National HIV/AIDS Strategy: Updated to 2020. This 74-page document developed by the Obama Administration is designed to guide the U.S. HIV/AIDS response through the year 2020. It outlines a series of steps needed to achieve four primary goals: 1) reducing new HIV infections; 2) increasing access to care and improving health outcomes for people living with HIV; 3) reducing HIV-related disparities and health inequities; and 4) achieving a more coordinated national response to the U.S. HIV epidemic.
Federal Action Plan for 2016-2020. This 40-page plan developed by the Obama Administration outlines specific actions federal agencies are taking to implement the updated National HIV/AIDS Strategy above.
Resources Focusing on the U.S. Epidemic and Specific Population Groups from the CDC
- HIV in the United States: At A Glance. This focuses on key aspects of the U.S. epidemic with bulleted highlights and graphs.
- Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2017 (129-page report)
- HIV Among Gay and Bisexual Men
- African American Gay and Bisexual Men
- Hispanic/Latino Gay and Bisexual Men
- HIV Among Transgender People
- HIV Among Men
- Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children
- HIV Among Women
- HIV Among African Americans
- HIV Among American Indians and Alaska Natives
- HIV Among Asians
- HIV and Hispanics/Latinos
- HIV Among Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders in the United States and 6 Dependent Areas
- HIV Among Youth
- HIV Among People Aged 50 and Older
- HIV Risk Among Persons Who Exchange Sex for Money or Nonmonetary Items
- HIV in Impoverished Urban Areas
- Trends in HIV Infection Stage 3 (AIDS)
- HIV Surveillance in Women
- HIV Surveillance – Persons Who Inject Drugs
- HIV Surveillance by Race/Ethnicity
- Maps Based on Data from 2017 HIV Surveillance Report
- HIV Surveillance – Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM)
- HIV Surveillance in Urban and Nonurban Areas
- HIV Surveillance – Adolescents and Young Adults
Additional Resources Focusing on the U.S. Epidemic
State Health Facts: HIV/AIDS. Web page from the Kaiser Family Foundation with links to a wealth of state-level statistics, including data on the following: number of people living with HIV; number of AIDS diagnoses; number of HIV diagnoses; HIV death rates; HIV/AIDS funding; AIDS Drug Assistance Programs; HIV and Medicaid; HIV testing; and HIV prevention programs and related policies.
NCHHSTP AtlasPlus. This atlas, from the National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP), is designed to be a “one-stop shop” for CDC’s most recent available data on HIV, viral hepatitis, STDs, and tuberculosis.
AIDSVu. Interactive online map depicting various aspects of the U.S. HIV/AIDS epidemic at the state and county levels, as well as for selected cities.
HIV and AIDS in the United States of America. Web page with detailed, annotated overview of the U.S. epidemic from Avert.org.